Saturday, March 2, 2019

Example Exam Paper

undercover LG/OCT2008/BEL311 UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI mara FINAL EXAMINATION soma COURSE CODE EXAMINATION TIME ENGLISH FOR ACADEMIC PURPOSES BEL311 OCTOBER 2008 3 HOURS INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES 1. 2. This question composing consists of ii (2) parts PART A (13 Questions) PART B (1 Question) Answer ALL questions from all parts in the Question Paper. 3. Fill in the dilate below UiTM STUDENT broadsheet NO. PROGRAMME/ CODE PART ENGLISH LANGUAGE sort NAME OF LECTURER 4. 5. You ar allowed to bring in your English-English dictionary.Please check to accept sure that this examination pack consists of i) the Question Paper DO non TURN THIS PAGE UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO This examination paper consists of 13 printed pages Hak Cipta Universiti Teknologi MARA confidential mysterious 2 LG/OCT2008/BEL311 PART A READING COMPREHENSION (20 MARKS) Read the followers articles and answer all the questions that follow. article 1 Sp are the Rod? I Schools in Europe and the get together K ingdom stopped using the deale to discipline delinquent youngsters following protests from parents and politicians more than 16 years ago.In Malaysia, however, the practice has never left the civilise grounds. work over has always been legal in Malaysian nurtures. The Education statute 1957 (Amended 1959) allows corporal punishments, such as wicker, to be meted let on by school authorities, but whole to schoolboys. An Education Ministry directive issued in 1994 listed eight offences that could rationalize beat truancy, involvement in criminal activities, obscene and impolite behaviour, loitering, dishonesty, cloudy appearance and vandalism. 5 IIA try out on human rights awareness among secondary coil school teachers, students and administrators conducted by researchers from local universities engaged by the Human Rights complaint of Malaysia (or SUHAKAM, its Malay acronym) revealed the regular use of the canistere in schools. What the inquiry nominate was a gross bre ach of a churls rights committed by teachers and administrators alike. In their findings, out of the 5,754 students who participated in the survey, just close to 52 per cent of the students surveyed agreed that caning comm totally happened in their schools.It took place more often in clownish schools than urban ones and almost 80 per cent of the cases occurred at technical schools. 10 15 III belowstandably, SUHAKAM is disheartened by the findings of its study. Commissioner and education relieve oneselfing congregation chairman, Professor Chiam Heng Keng said that while SUHAKAM understands the need to discipline and punish wrongdoers, it maintains that caning is not the best nonindulgent measure. She further added that caning only tells the child to stop whatever he has done. In other words, it does not lecture the underlying problem. She stressed that teachers must work with parents to get to the composition of the problem.She added that sharp punishments tend to reinforc e a childs negative attitudes. However, 20 25 Hak Cipta Universiti Teknologi MARA CONFIDENTIAL CONFIDENTIAL 3 LG/OCT2008/BEL311 she admonished that we should not confuse upholding the rights of the child with lunacy the child. IV Although many experts argue that caning is outdated, even primitive, many educators defended it as a way to stem rising power in schools. eighty per cent of teachers agreed that persistent troublemakers in school should be caned. The SUHAKAM probe found that 79. 5 per cent of teachers and 71. per cent of administrators agreed that persistent offenders should be caned though Malaysia had signed the Declaration of the Convention on the Rights of the kidskin (CRC) in 1995. In addition, they also revealed that girls were not spared the rod. Almost seven per cent of distaff respondents from girl schools had reported this. Under the present Child good turn 2001, only boys between the ages of 10 and 18 whitethorn be subjected to corporal punishment. 30 35 V Last October, the Ministry of Education allowed teachers other than 40 headmasters, principals and those come to in disciplining students to use the cane.The decision followed the rise in cases of assault on teachers and gangsterism in schools. It was recommended that only certain teachers be empowered to cane students. Ideally, they should make believe at to the lowest degree 10 years of teaching experience and be married with children. 45 VI The secretary-general of the National Union of the Teaching Profession, Lok Yim Pheng, admitted that in that location are other ways of disciplining a student. These include imposing fines, send students to detention class and making parents sign a pledge to condition that their children do not misbe realise.However, if push comes to shove, then principals and headmasters should use the rod professionally and with compassion. She reiterated that even so, caning should be the penalty of last resort, reserved for peremptory hardcore cases and should never be done publicly. 50 The Star, July 15, 2007 Hak Cipta Universiti Teknologi MARA CONFIDENTIAL CONFIDENTIAL 4 LG/OCT2008/BEL311 dispute 1 State whether the following statements are TRUE (T) or FALSE (F). a) Caning troublemakers in school is considered a unionise of maltreatment by most teachers. In the survey carried out by SUHAKAM, twain boys and girls were caned.When it comes to caning, the Education Ordinance 1957 clearly contradicts the Child Act 2001. More than half of the respondents in the survey had been caned by their teachers before. (2 marks) heading 2 What do the following words mean as used in the passage? a) breach (line 14) b) disheartened (line 20) c) underlying (line 25) d) stem(line 31) ___ _ _ _ _ (2 marks) QUESTION 3 Circle your answer for the question below. harmonise to teachers, the following are reasons they support caning in schools except a) Students who repeatedly dumbfound trouble should be caned. b) Caning is one way to maintain violence in schools. ) Caning reduces assault cases and gangsterism in schools. d) Caning has the least negative effect on students. (1 mark) b) c) d) Hak Cipta Universiti Teknologi MARA CONFIDENTIAL CONFIDENTIAL 5 LG/OCT 2008/BEL311 QUESTION 4 Why is caning not the best corrective measure according to SUHAKAM? Give two (2) reasons. (1 mark) QUESTION 5 fit in to Professor Chiam Heng Keng, what is the best way to overcome discipline problems in schools? (1 mark) QUESTION 6 What is the main idea of paragraph VI? (1 mark) Hak Cipta Universiti Teknologi IMARA CONFIDENTIAL CONFIDENTIAL 6 LG/OCT2008/BEL311QUESTION 7 According to the secretary-general of the National Union of the Teaching Profession, only if push comes to shove, then teachers and headmasters should use the rod professionally and with compassion (lines 49-51). Under what conditions did she recommend this? List two (2) conditions. (2 marks) Hak Cipta Universiti Teknologi MARA CONFIDENTIAL CONFIDENTIAL 7 LG/OCT2008/BEL31 1 term 2 Caning Does More Harm Than Good I The Womens Centre for Change Penang (WCC) notes with great concern the recent proposal to pop the question caning as a method to handle discipline problems involving schoolgirls.We caution against the use of the cane on children regardless of gender. II The caning of a child is in direct contravention of the Convention on the Rights of The Child (CRC), of which Malaysia is a signatory. Caning contravenes Article 19 of the CRC. Under the article, the governments must hold dear the child from all forms of maltreatment by parents or others responsible for his or her care. Furthermore, corporal punishment is a form of child abuse. There is no evidence to suggest that this method can improve a childs schooling ability. 5 10 III Caning may not be the most effective way to deal with problems of indiscipline.While it may bring about the immediate compliance of the child, the issues of physical harm as well as emotional damage to the child need to be taken into consideration. somatic punishment can lead to increased anti favorable behaviour, aggression and inveterate defiance. Furthermore, visiting severe punishment and using mental humiliation on children have adverse effect such as loss of selfesteem and personality changes with ramifications on adult life. The use of the cane can be abused, especially when frustrations are vented. However, teachers who are fed up with the rising cases of indiscipline in schools may say caning is justified. 0 15 IV The social meaning of caning is that it sends a clear message that violence is an unimpeachable form of behaviour in society, that is, it is all right to use violence and inflict pain to teach a child something. This goes against all efforts to reduce the aim of violence in our society. V Caning may seem to be a quick fix solution to misbehaviour, but it fails to address the root causes of the problem. The causes involve an inability to fit into a rigid, examination-ori entated education system, the negative effects of 25 Hak Cipta Universiti Teknologi MARA CONFIDENTIAL CONFIDENTIAL 8 LG/OCT2008/BEL311 overty, the need to challenge boundaries, insufficient guidance from the home, dysfunctional family situations, negative influences from the neighbourhood environment, among others. 30 VI WCC would therefore urge the Ministry of Education to 1. Work with other agencies and community groups, for physical exertion those dealing with the health, welfare and rights of the child, so as to provide support where needed, to both students and school authorities 2. Consult with experts in various fields to work out alternative forms of discipline which include behaviour modification programmes that jock enhance positive behaviour of students 5 3. Support school teachers by reducing the number of students per class, having teacher assistants, providing skills training in class discover and handling difficult students, having access to highly trained counsel ors and child psychologists 40 4. Have a more balanced education system which moves out from an over-emphasis on examinations towards a more holistic education which cultivates the childs other potentials. Prema E. Devaraj, create by mental act Director, Womens Centre for Change, Penang. The Star, December 3, 2007 Hak Cipta Universiti Teknologi MARACONFIDENTIAL CONFIDENTIAL 9 LG/OCT2008/BEL311 QUESTION 8 What does Article 19 of the Convention on the Rights of The Child state? (1 mark) QUESTION 9 Caning as a measure of instilling discipline among students can lead to emotional damage. List four (4) kinds of damage. (2 marks) QUESTION 10 The social consequence of caning is that it sends a clear message that violence is an acceptable form of behaviour in society, that is, it is all right to use violence and inflict pain to teach a child something. (lines 21-23) What does Prema Devaraj mean by the above sentence? 2 marks) Hak Cipta Universiti Teknologi MARA CONFIDENTIAL CONFIDENTIA L 10 LG/OCT2008/BEL311 QUESTION 11 How can the negative influences from the neighbourhood environment (lines 29-30) cause students to misbehave in school? (2 marks) QUESTION 12 List two (2) recommendations made by the Womens Centre for Change to the Ministry of Education on how to overhaul teachers in the classroom. (1 mark) QUESTION 13 The education system should move past from an over-emphasis on examinations and become more holistic in order to mother the students other potentials or talents.State two (2) ways the education system can develop the students other potentials or talents. (2 marks) Hak Cipta Universiti Teknologi MARA CONFIDENTIAL CONFIDENTIAL 11 LG/OCT2008/BEL311 PART B WRITING (20 MARKS) QUESTION 1 You are a school counselor and you are asked to give a talk to a group of teachers. Based on these two articles Spare the Rod? and Caning Does More Harm Than Good, you have developed the following sagaciousness about the issue Caning should not be allowed in schools at once Using the information from the two articles, write a speech of about 300 words to support your opinion.Include three main ideas with supporting details for your talk. (You must use information that you have gathered from reading the two articles but marks will be deducted if you copy sentences from the articles). In-text citations and proper recognition of references used must also be included. Hak Cipta Universiti Teknologi MARA CONFIDENTIAL CONFIDENTIAL 12 LG/OCT 2008/BEL311 Hak Cipta Universiti Teknologi MARA CONFIDENTIAL CONFIDENTIAL 13 LG/OCT 2008/BEL311 END OF QUESTION PAPER Hak Cipta Universiti Teknologi MARA CONFIDENTIAL

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