Friday, May 31, 2019

Personal Narrative- Staying Young Forever :: Personal Narrative Essays

Personal Narrative- Staying Young ForeverIt all begins with the famous phrase, What do you want to be when you grow up? As children, we think the words growing up mean becoming like mom and dad. It means having a job, being able to cook dinner, and knowing how to deliver bills. We are too young to understand the sincere concept behind those two dreadful words. If only someone had told me the truth, I could have prepared for the shock. I hate growing up, and getting older really stinksThe phases of growing up are like a date gone wrong. They start off real nice and eventually smack you in the face. I remember back in kindergarten when there used to be nap time. Oh how I took it for granted Im not even sure if I know what the word sleep means now. And if school couldnt get much difficult over the years, someone came along and unflinching we needed to learn langu terms other than English. As if my English wasnt bad enough, now I have to learn how to speak in gibberish. Growing up ca uses the out of the question to happen. When I was little, I really should have taken advantage of pure skin, no wrinkles, and the phrase eat your vegetables. Now, I have to use Clearasil, undereye cream, and drink Slim-Fast What could perhaps be good about becoming old, fat, ugly, and bald? I used to have energy, but now I have to drink caffeine to incite myself up. It used to be that when I went to get my hair cut, my stylist would say, Look how shiny and thick your hair is. Now I hear, Okay, what should we try today to bound your hair some volume? Not to mention that we women have the privilege of losing our figures, becoming less attractive, and receiving lumps of cellulite in our backside. Thats when we must say, Goodbye bikinis Growing up brings more responsibilities. It used to be that my mom would come in my room every morning and say, Time to get up Now I wake up to the annoying sound of my alarm clock going beep, beep, and my mom in the next room sawing logs. Just when I thought this was bad, it never occurred to me that at the age of twelve I would eventually have to get something called a job.

Thursday, May 30, 2019

Colorblind Love Essay -- Pesronal Narrative Ethnicity Racism Papers

Colorblind LoveI met my wife Aretha in the fall of 1997 she had just moved from Portland, Oregon, to my hometown of Portland, Maine. By Christmas we were dating, and before we knew it we were both graduating and verandah to Boston for college. Were now happily married and have a one-year-old baby girl. It sounds like a classic high school sweetheart romance, right-hand(a)? Well, to us, yes. But to many people, were different. These peoples views have nothing to do with our love, our relationship, or our daughter. They have to do with race. Yes, Im lecture about the mere color of our skin. My wife is Black and I am White. Were both Americans, born on the same soil and raised in spite of appearance the same language and popular cultureall variables are equal except for our skin color. Yet many people see us as two entirely different types of people who do not belong together, as if Cupids arrows discriminate. Have these bigots ever bo in that respectd us? Of course, weve been affec ted in some ways. But overall, we thank them for their ignorance, as our relationship has only grown stronger. For instance, if were at the mall and a few people stare at us or point in our direction, we smile and wrap our arms around each other even tighter. A major reason we watch stares and assume special status is not only because of peoples views, but also because we are relatively rare. Slavery was abolished almost 140 age ago and our own parents witnessed the civil rights movement of the 1960s. So why do interracial marriages still only account for 2.9 percent of all American marriages concord to the latest U.S. Census data? Or more specifically, why do Black/White couples like Aretha and me account for only 0.7 percent? Of course there is no simple answer ... ... will approach melting pot status the blender will grind the vegetables. If my grandchildren ever have to write a paper like this, my hope is that it will document success and the achievement of real racial equal ity. Works CitedRandall Kennedy, Interracial Intimacies Sex, Marriage, Identity, and Adoption, Pantheon Books, 2003 Maria Root, Loves transition Interracial Marriage, Temple University Press, 2001 Maria Root, The Color of Love, The American Prospect, 8 Apr. 2002 Michael Lind, Far From Heaven, The Nation, 16 Jun. 2003Regan Good, Questions for Randall Kennedy Color Dynamics, New York Times Magazine, 9 Feb. 2003 Racial Patterns Across the coupled States, Society, Nov./Dec. 2001 United States Census Bureau, Interracial Married Couples, 12 Jun 2003, http// tabMS-3.pdf.

Wednesday, May 29, 2019

Jousting :: Essays Papers

Jousting Depending on who you ask, there are many different things that come to peoples minds when whiz hears the word, chivalry. Some might say knights, castles, horses, damsels in distress, Knights in shinning armor.... i could go on and on. I think of all these things as well, but I too think of Jousting. In a time when courage, honor and integrity were valued jousting was not only a sport, but a way for knights to prove their aptitude and courage. When we think of a knight in shining armor, we almost automatically think of the grand joust. Its hard not to imagine the thunderous hoof overcome and the roar of the crowd as two knights race towards each other in a test of skill and nerve. The joust grew from the chaotic melee of the tournaments that were unceasingly taking place. As more and more restrictions were put on man to man combat a tournament was developed where men rode horses and carried lances. This dangerous organize of combat, was an event designed to test the horsemanship and sleeves skill of the individual knight. Jousting tournaments caught on quickly because it truly tested every aspect of a chivalric man. Not only did it test the skill a knight had with weapons, but it also tested his skill with of controlling and riding a horse. In a sense, a jousting receive could prove or disprove a knights ability to be a truly chivalric knight. In the joust the knight used the lance, a weapon specifically designed for mounted combat. At first jousters would simply spur their horses towards one another, weapons ready, each attempting to knock each other off there horses. If a knight was knocked to the ground, his battle was as good as lost. For the mounted warrior could run him down, trample him with his horse, or spear him with his lance all while out of stress of the land bound fighter. When the joust came to represent the horsemanship of the fighter, safeguards evolved. The lance was fitted with a three pronged tip calle d a coronal, which was designed to keep the weapon from penetrating a knights helm and to re-distribute the force of the impact. Also, armor was developed specifically for the joust.

You are what you watch! Essay -- Media, Television Shows

Imagine a distant post-apocalyptic future in which a epic silver box has just been excavated from the ruins of what was once Los Angeles, a box that contains stack after stack of DVDs with titles like Survivor, The Bachelor, Biggest Loser, The Swan, Real World, The Apprentice, and Hells Kitchen. What expertness anthropologists conclude about our 21st century society if these shows were their only glimpse into how we lived our lives? Francine Prose ponders this same head teacher in her essay Voting Democracy impinge on the Island Reality TV and the Republican Ethos, in which she asks not only what future anthropologists might deduce, but, for that matter, what contemporary TV-addicted children and adults might realize if they were to more closely examine their penury for watching these shows (22). Salman Rushdie, in his article Reality TV A Dearth of Talent and the Death of Mortality, suggests that we need to examine reality television closely because it tells us things about o urselves, and even if we dont think it does, it ought to, a claim that suggests that if we merely brush off reality television as a fad, we might be missing something inherently valuable about our nature (16). In her essay, The Distorting Mirror of Reality Television, Sarah Coleman suggests that reality television offers a distorted reflection, a hidden view of humanity in the guise of light entertainment, a consideration that asks us to see who we are in this distorted reflection of our values (19). The question then is what do we see when we see ourselves in this dime-store mirror (Reality TV 16)? Whatever the answer to this question might be, the question itself suggests that there is something inherently human about our fascination with r... ...way and be the winner that it is okay to betray others because winning is everything that annoying, conniving, hysterical liars are far more interesting than honest, conscientious, selfless pack and that we are not really a nation of communities but a group of individuals fighting for ourselvesall of which suggests on a very deep level that we feel better when we watch people who we deem to be worse off than we are. The saddest lesson, however, might very well be that we are starved for this kindly of inherently cruel entertainment because our own lives seem so much duller in comparison, an observation that suggests that what we can learn from Reality TV does not necessarily only apply to our generation, but to those that came before us and those that will followincluding these hypothetical anthropologists who are watching these shows to better understand us.

Tuesday, May 28, 2019

Essay --

During the early 1970s, formal financial reporting standard mount activities were commenced. On 10 September 1971, a technical committee was formed in 1971 with the remit to act on a letter dated send by Bank Negara to the President of Malaysian Association of Certified Public Accountants (MACPA). Nowadays, MACPA is now known as Malaysia initiates of Certified Public Accountants (MICPA). MACPA was set up by individuals as a private association in 1958 (Susela 1999). After an extended pause marked by a high level of inactivity, the Malaysian Institute of Accountants (MIA) was approached to develop a standard in 1987. MIA has been set up in 1987 by the State as a statutory body to regulate the account profession. Therefore, both MACPA and the MIA committed to a process of joint work towards the objective of the development of a Malaysian accounting standard for goodwill.Based on Ahmad & Ishak (2003), an divisor of that agreed course of action, on July 1, 1987 the President of MIA an d the President of MACPA signed a joint Circular to members enclosing a questionnaire inviting com...

Essay --

During the early 1970s, formal financial reporting standard setting activities were commenced. On 10 September 1971, a technical committee was formed in 1971 with the remit to act on a letter dated sent by Bank Negara to the President of Malaysian Association of Certified Public Accountants (MACPA). Nowadays, MACPA is now known as Malaysia Institutes of Certified Public Accountants (MICPA). MACPA was set up by individuals as a private association in 1958 (Susela 1999). After an extended pause marked by a high level of inactivity, the Malaysian Institute of Accountants (MIA) was approached to take on a standard in 1987. MIA has been set up in 1987 by the State as a statutory body to regulate the accounting profession. Therefore, both(prenominal) MACPA and the MIA committed to a process of joint work towards the objective of the development of a Malaysian accounting standard for goodwill.Based on Ahmad & Ishak (2003), an element of that concur course of action, on July 1, 1987 the P resident of MIA and the President of MACPA signed a joint Circular to members enclosing a questionnaire inviting com...

Monday, May 27, 2019

Effect of cashless police in nigeria Essay

Vol. 1 (2), pp. 040-043, April 2013.Research ArticleImpact of Cashless parsimoniousness in Nigeria*Omotunde Muyiwa1, Sunday Tunmibi,1 and John-Dewole A.T.21School of Computer Science, Mathematics and Information Technology, Houdegbe North Ameri bathroom University, Republic of Benin.2Department of Computer Science with Electronics, Faculty of Information Technology and Applied Sciences Lead City University, Ibadan. Nigeria.*Corresponding Authors telecommunicate folatunde2004yahoo.comABSTRACTThis paper studied the impact of cashless policy in Nigeria. The policy was introduced by telephone exchange Bank of Nigeria (CBN) in December 2011 and was kick-started in Lagos in January 2012. gaze research was adopted with questionnaire as data collection instrument. Responses from the answerings show that cashless policy provide increase employment reduce cash related robbery thereby cut risk of carrying cash cashless policy will also reduce cash related corruption and attract much i nappropriate investors to the country. The study, therefore, shows that the introduction of cashless saving in Nigeria can be seen as a step in the right direction. It is pass judgment that its impact will be felt in modernization of Nigeria payment system, drop-off in the cost of banking services, reducing in high security and safety risks and also curb banking related corruptions.Keywords Cashless sparing, Cashless policy, Lagos State, Nigeria.INTRODUCTIONCashless economy is an economy where transaction can be done without necessarily carrying physical cash as a means of exchange of transaction that rather with the workout of credit or debit card payment for goods and services. The cashless economy policy initiative of the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) is a move to improve the financial terrain but in the long run sustainability of the policy will be a function of endorsement and compliance by end-users (Ejiro, 2012). The CBN cash policy stipulates a day-to-day cumulative l imit of N150, 000 and N1, 000,000 on free cash withdrawals and lodgments by individual and corporate customers respectively in the Lagos State with effect from March 30, 2012.Individuals and corporate organizations that misrepresent cash transactions above the limits will be charged a service fee for amounts above the cumulative limits. Furthermore, 3rd party cheques above N150, 000 shall non be eligible for encashment everywhere the counter with effect from January 1, 2012. Value for such cheques shall be received by dint of the clearing house. All Nigerian banks were expected to dispense with cash in transit lodgment services rendered to merchant-customers from January 1, 2012.The policy through the advanced use of information technology facilitates fund transfer, thereby reducing sequence wasted in Bank(s). Wizzit, a fast growing mobile banking company in southwesterly Africa has over three hundred thousand customers across South Africa. Likewise, M-PESA was introduced in Kenya as a small value electronic system that is accessible from ordinary mobile phones. It has experienced exceptional increment since its introduction by mobile phone operator (Safaricom) in Kenya in March, 2007 and has already been adopted by nine million customers, which is about 40% of Kenyas adult population. Wizzit and roughly other mobile financial services including MPESA in Kenya are helping low income Africans make financial transaction across longdistance with their cellphones, thereby reducing their travel cost and eliminating the risks of carrying cash and also avoiding most banking charges (Akintaro, 2012).It is assumed that the proper implementation of mobile phones and other technologies can aid the implementation of cashless policy and hence, the growth of cashless economy in Nigeria. The introduction of the implementation of cashless policy (policy is program of actions adopted by government) began in Lagos State, Nigeria. Why Lagos? According to Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN, 2011) Lagos render accounted for 85% of POS and 66% of cheques transaction in Nigeria. Cashless economy aims at reducing the amount of physical cash circulating in the Nigeria economy and thereby encouraging more electronicbased transaction. According to Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN, 2011) the policy is expected to reduce cost incurred in maintaining cash-based economy by 90% upon its full implementation in Nigeria. This study aims to look at the impact of cashless economy in Nigeria.www.gjournals.org40Greener Journal of Internet, Information and Communication SystemsVol. 1 (2), pp. 040-043, April 2013.2. BRIEF LITERATURE freshen upCashless economy is not the complete absence of cash, it is an economic setting in which goods and services are bought and paid for through electronic media. According to Woodford (2003), Cashless economy is delimit as one in which there are assumed to be no transactions frictions that can be reduced through the use of bullion balance s, and that accordingly provide a reason for holding such balances even when they earn rate of return. In a cashless economy, how much cash in your pocket book is practically irrelevant. You can pay for your purchases by any one of a plethora of credit cards or bank transfer (Roth, 2010).(2004) observed that unquestionable countries of the world, to a large extent, are moving away from paper payment instruments toward electronic ones, especially payment cards. Some aspects of the functioning of the cashless economy are compound by e-finance, e-money, e-brokering and e-exchanges. These all refer to how transactions and payments are effected in a cashless economy (Moses-Ashike, 2011). Marco and Bandiera (2004) argue that increased usage of cashless banking instruments strengthens monetary policy strong point and that the current level of e-money usage does not pose a threat to the stability of the financial system. However, it does conclude that central banks can lose control over monetary policy if the government does not run a responsible fiscal policy.Echekoba and Ezu (2012), in a research carried out in Nigeria, observed that 68.2% of the respondent complained about long queues in the bank, 28.9% complained of bad attitude of teller officers (cashiers) while 2.89% complained of long distance of bank locations to their home or work places. Likewise, in her twenty-fourth NCS national conference in December 2011, CBN data shows that 51% of withdrawal done in Nigeria was through automated teller machine (ATM), while 33.6% was through over the counter (OTC) cash withdrawals and 13.6% through Cheques. Payment was also done through point of sales machine (POS) which accounted for 0.5% and web 1.3%. Therefore, if the introduction of ATM in Nigeria cash withdrawals system reduced OTC withdrawal then it will implies that introduction of cashless policy supported by application of information technology can achieve more to reduce over dependent on cash payment in N igeria economy system.However, Akhalumeh and Ohioka (2011) observed some challenges with the introduction of cashless policy. Their findings show that 34.0% of the respondents cited occupation of internet fraud, 15.5% cited problem of limited POS/ATM, 19.6% cited problem of illiteracy and 30.9% stayed neutral the respondent not been sure of problem been expected or experienced. While in some quarters there was fear of unemployment, some believe it will create more jobs especially when companies manufacturing POS machine are cited in Nigeria. much so, data sourced from Central Bank of Nigeria portal shows that Lagos state, with a population of 17 million pack, only has sixty onePoint Of Sales, twenty bank branches and twenty four ATMs per 100,000 people which are far less to satisfy the needs of the population. These data verify the claim of Echekoba and Ezu (2012) on the problem of cash based economy and cashless policy in Nigeria. For effective cashless implementation in Nigeria availability of sufficient and well-functioning infrastructure (notably electricity), harmonization of fiscal and monetary policy, regular assessment of the performance of cashless banking channels, consideration of the present state and structure of the economy, redesign of monetary policy framework and greater efforts towards economic growth whilst managing inflation should be considered (Odior and Banuso, 2012). 3. RESEARCH METHODOLOGYThis study was carried out, using accidental sampling method, in Lagos state, Nigeria. A total of 500 traders, students and civil servants were sampled. Questionnaire was used as data collection instrument, with questions on demographics and benefits of cashless economy in Nigeria. The major statistical technique used was descriptive (use of frequency tables and charts).4. RESULT4.1 Demographicsresponses on gender show that male respondents accounted for 55.6% while the female respondents are 44.4%. effigy 1 and Figure 2 presents the responses on age and occupation, respectively. For age, majority of the respondents are between 18 to 25 years, this is followed by those between 26 to 40 years while the to the lowest degree number are between 41 to 60 years. For occupation of the respondents, the highest voice (44.4%) is traders, followed by students (33.3%) and civil servants (22.2%).www.gjournals.org41Vol. 1 (2), pp. 040-043, April 2013.Greener Journal of Internet, Information and Communication Systems41-60 years22%18-25 years45%26-40 years33%Figure 1 Age of Respondents454035302520151050TradersStudentsCivil servantsFigure 2 Occupation of Respondents4.2 BenefitsTable 1 shows the view of respondents on benefits of cashless economy in Nigeria. The lowest percentage, 11.1% of the respondents, believed that cashless policy will increase employment. A higher percentage, 22.2% of the respondents, believed that cashless policy in Nigeria will reduce cashrelated robbery thereby reducing risk of carrying cash. The highest percentag e of the respondents believed that cashless policy will reduce cash related corruption (33.3%) and cashless policy will attract more foreign investors to the country (33.3%). Table 1 Benefits of Cashless Economy in NigeriaBenefits of Cashless EconomyIncrease employmentReduce cash related robberyReduce cash related corruptionAttract more foreign investmentTotalPercentage (%)11.1%22.2%33.3%33.3%100%www.gjournals.org42Greener Journal of Internet, Information and Communication SystemsVol. 1 (2), pp. 040-043, April 2013.5. CONCLUSIONThe study, impact of cashless economy in Nigeria, focused on the three major categories by which Nigerians can be divided traders, students and civil servants. More number of traders was sampled, compared to students and civil servants, because they are more into business and financial transactions. More so, a higher number of respondents within the age bracket of 18 and 25 years show that apart from students, quite a number of Nigerian youth arealso into tr ade.This study shows that the introduction of cashless economy in Nigeria can be seen as a step in the right direction. It is expected that its impact will be felt in modernization of Nigeria payment system, reduction in the cost of banking services as well as reduction in high security and safety risks. This should also include curbing banking related corruptions and fostering transparency.It is also assumed that the introduction of cashless policy in Nigeria will help to reduce the amount of bills and notes circulating in the economy. This should, therefore, reduce handling operation cost incurred on conventional money, as well as reduction in cash related crimes. It should also help to provide easy access to banking services for Nigerians.REFERENCESAkhalumeh, P.B., and Ohiokha, F. (2011) Nigerias Cashless Economy The Imperatives. International Journal of Management & personal credit line Studies. vol.2 pp. 12 17.Akintaro, S. (2012) Going Cashless. IT & Telecom digest, online ma gazine, august,2012 CENTRAL BANK OF NIGERIA (2011) Towards a Cashless Nigeria Tools & Strategies. Nigerian Journal of Economy. 3(2), 344 350.Echekoba, F.N., and Ezu, G.K. (2012) Electronic Retail Payment Systems User Acceptability & Payment Problems in Nigeria. Arabian Journal of Business & Management Review. vol.5, pp. 60 63. Ejiro, O. (2012) What Nigerians Think of the Cashless Economy Policy. Nigerian Journal of Economy. 4(6), 97 102.Humphrey, D. B. (2004) Replacement of cash by cards in U.S. Consumer Payments, Journal of Economics and Business, 56, 211225.Marco, A. and L. Bandiera (2004) -Monetary Policy, Monetary Areas and Financial Development with Electronic Money, IMF Working Study, IMF.Moses-Ashike, H. (2011),Cashless Economic can Reduce Risk of Carrying Huge Cash, Online Available http//, E.S., and Banuso, F.B. (2012) Cashless Banking in Nigeria Challenges, Benefits & Policy Implications. European Scientific Journal. Vol 8, pp. 12 16.Roth, B. L. (2010). The Future of Money The Cashless Economy Part 1. Online Available https// Woodford M. (2003). Interest & Price Foundation of a surmisal of Monetary Policy, Princeton University Press.www.gjournals.org43

Sunday, May 26, 2019

Bharati Mukherjee, American Dreamer Essay

The thing that is most signifi keept ab extinct this rubric was that you have to advance the true essence of judging a person for being regular instead of judging someone by their handicap. The titles significance seems to be a certain way of getting to know what the article may be near. The title itself gives off a sense of mystery being that the title is drawing the reader into actually finding out what this article is going to be nigh. It is like the author had wanted to make the title pop out to you and draw you in making you want to read about the article.Kind of like a cliffhanger in stories that draws the reader to want to read more about it. The authors purpose of this article is to try to inform readers about his/her personal idea and opinion. The author may be trying to inform readers about what has gone in a certain situation and what has also been done about the current situation. The author is informing readers about a certain technique that the British police have used to interrogate people. Mainly trying to determine whether people are actually lying in these interrogations.The author says that the coupled States will be the next to learn the techniques. My own personal experience would be how I try to determine whether someone is lying to me. I endlessly want to know if there are people who will lie instead of just telling the truth in the end. I have cognize that people will lie about any type of thing just to get whatever they want in life. I honestly cant agree with people who will lie. I respect everything that the British has done by developing this certain technique.

Saturday, May 25, 2019

Elizabethan Poor Laws

?Life for the hapless in Elizabethan England was very harsh. Unemployment and rapid price inflation increase causing many villagers to leave their homes and come to the towns to look for work. However, they often could not find employment and ended up begging in the streets. Elizabethan low-down Laws, enacted in 1601, were incredibly beneficial in uniting the community to provide care and nurture for the qualifying less fortunate. These laws set a critical innovation for Britains welfare system and established guidelines for the deserving and undeserving poor.I chose this topic because it vastly influenced our world today, not only physically, but morally. My extensive research was conducted in the first place through internet resources. Thanks to online databases provided by the Public Library System I was able to find valuable primary sources such as theme articles. I was also able to find credible, scholarly summaries, documents, essays, and more on my topic, making it frequ ently more manageable to thoroughly educate myself and others.Gathering so much background knowledge also provided more validity to statements I concluded and overall information included in my presentation. I personally felt an divulge would be the most tremendous in portraying the vast research I completed throughout the History Fair process through spirited illustrations, documents, photos and more. The 1601 Elizabethan Poor Laws suitably fits the Rights and Responsibilities theme. Everyone had a share rights and responsibilities, from the Justices of the Peace, to the substantial householders, even the poor themselves.The poor werent just goldenly treated out of the blue. Only the deserving poor were assisted. Deserving classified as the Helpless poor also known as old folk, or children of poor families and the able-bodied poor- people who could work, treasured to work, and attempted at earning a living. It was the responsibilities of the poor to remain determined and avoid indolence, sluggishness, and misdemeanor or else they would be classified under the more dangerous and itinerant group of rogues and vagabonds(beggars and stealers) vastly targeted by the government.Townsfolk were known to dislike beggars and treat them harshly. Their streets had become overcrowded and dirty, and the poor and beggars were accused of being scroungers and suspected of being criminals. It had then become a right, where two or more substantial householders were to be yearly nominated by the Justices of the Peace to serve as overseers of the poor in each parish.The overseerswere to call down weekly or otherwise, by taxation of every inhabitant, such competent sums of money as they shall think fit, however one of the later complaints about the 1601 recreate was that the basis of the law was that it rated land and buildings but not personal or movable wealth. Consequently it benefited the industrial and commercial groups in society who did not ancestry within the para meters of the legislation and so did not pay into the poor rates unless they also happened to own landed property.The 1601 Elizabethan Poor Law continued with additive variations and adjustments, for example the 1662 Settlement Act, Gilberts Act (1782) and the Speenhamland system of 1795 until the passing of the 1834 Poor Law Amendment Act which ultimately formed the basis of poor relief throughout the farming for more than two centuries. It was a reasonable and unbiased system run for and administered by local people at a time when the population was small enough for everyone to know everyone else and his/her conditions and circumstances.Personally, the 1601 Elizabethan Poor Laws taught me that caring for the poor is a divine purpose in our community today, that it will remain a function to the poor to guide our actions in international development to ending poverty. This act recognized that well applied, targeted, and effective aid can and should be used to hit progress on c hallenges such as health, education, and substantial living in our poverties. The care of human life and happiness, and not their destruction, is the first and only object of a good government, Thomas Jefferson

Friday, May 24, 2019

Nike Writes the Future Case Study

Nike is one of the renowned sports brands in the world. In 2010, Nike introduced their Nike writes the upcoming commercial campaign. This was aired for the Soccer world cup 2010. Even though Adidas was the sole sponsor for this event, Nike introduced this 3-minute advertisement as a rival company. Nike association football build their brand not only through their advertisements but also with reality relations, sponsorships and innovations. Nike engaged young consumers via internet and on the field.In addition, Nike has achieved its market through sponsorships to use their products and promote and advertise their technology and design. Moreover, Nike has kept their customers engaged through introducing devices much(prenominal) as Nike fuel band, Nike sports watch, Nike running app etc. How is Nike Soccer creating excitement for its brand through advertising? Kotler defines excitement as Customer engagement through existential and emotional involvement with sellers. When it comes t o marketing its vital to have the customer engaged with sellers through excitement.In order to achieve customer involvement Nike Soccer introduced Nike writes the future commercial campaign in 2010. Nike sponsored soccer players starred in these advertisements, such as Cristiano Ronaldo, Fabio Cannavaro, Franck Ribery and Wayne Rooney. This ad campaign contrasted between results of Rooneys failures and successes. Rooneys failures could result in stock market crash or life spent with come forward having any money. His successes could result in babies named after him or knighthood etc. In addition, to the aforementioned advertisement Nike had other engaging ads as well. The Mission, Airport scene. By using celebrity footballers such as, Cristiano Ronaldo, Wayne Rooney, Nike captured the attention of fans of these players, and this video went viral on the internet. Nike utilize affable media as another source to worldize these advertisements. How is Nike Soccer sponsorship creating excitement for its brand? In 1995 Nike soccer signed long term partnerships with Brazilian and get together States soccer teams. Their website shows a list of their sponsored teams, such as Barcelona, Manchester United, and Arsenal etc.By offering sponsorships Nike get to advertise their products and innovations through these teams. When these teams are using Nike products, fans of these teams impart inevitably get attached to Nike brand. Thus, gaining a new customer base, and building a close customer relationship. How is Nike Soccer creating value for its brand through public relations? its about striving for the best, creating value for the business and innovating for a better world. (Nike, 2012) Innovating for a better world was one of Nikes ultimate goals. Nike conducted several(prenominal) events and designed products to achieve this goal.In 2010 Nike conducted a campaign called The Chance Write the Future. Whole purpose of this campaign was to attract young talented socc er players to trial at Nike academy. In conjunction to this campaign, Nike encouraged its audiences to write 57 character headline messages to inspire their favorite soccer players, through Twitter, Facebook and other social media services. Nike conducted several campaigns in African continent to prevent HIV/AIDS. With their RED campaign Nike donated 100% of profits from purchases of Nike RED laces to HIV/AIDS education and medicament in Africa.Public relations is a more powerful tool compared to advertising. Public relations creates an environment for brand exhibition and education. Thus, bringing the brand to the unnoticeable parts of the world. How is Nike Soccer creating value for its brand through innovations? Nike has introduced several devices and programs over the past years. In 1993, Nike started Reuse-A-Shoe. In this program they grinded foam, fabric and rubber of worn out shoes of various brands and turns them into athletic surfaces. This was one of the oldest innovatio ns of Nike.Nike introduced Elite Series soccer boots. Elite Series came with the Nike Football+ feature. Users get to access interactive online training by soccer experts from famous clubs. In addition, Nike introduced Nike Soccer+ for iPhone and iPod. When Nike introduces a new product it opens up new marketing channels, and the brand ordain be featured at once again. Therefore, the brand wont die in the market. In addition, Product innovation, causes a diversification of the brand. New products can be introduced to new customers. In immediatelys market businesses cannot stay without product innovation.Through product innovation Nike was able to attract new customers and keep old customers throughout the period. How is Nike Soccer maturation the soccer category as a brand leader? In order to gain international recognition Nike shifted to soccer category in 1994, when it had a turnover of US$40 million. Nike recently introduced laser soccer field s across Madrid. As a part of th eir MiPista campaign, Nike is promoting their street-specific shoes with insta-soccer fields. Anyone can prayer a portable field using a smartphone or computer and then play virtually on any flat.Upon request, a team of Nike will gather to the requested place and setup a laser soccer field to grant the high-tech wish. Conclusion Over the past 20 years Nike Soccer has gained huge a customer base, and in return they have gone a long way. Nike has gained the respect of so many customers and they have a reputable brand. Nike has covered almost every aspect of marketing in order to get in to the top. However, Nike needs to come up with new innovations every once in a while to stay on the top of Soccer brands.

Thursday, May 23, 2019

Beginning and Ending Your Speech

Beginning and Ending Your lyric Since the establishment provide be your auditory modalitys world-class impression of your presentation and your conclusion will be the final impression you leave your audience with, it is important to spend time writing and practicing two the introduction and conclusion. If you successfully get through the introduction of your wrangle, it improves the chances you will have a successful patois over each(prenominal). First, because it will set the tone for the rest of your speech and second, because it will be a boost to your confidence.For both the informative and telling speech, you will have your Central Idea Statement at the end of the introduction and at the beginning of the conclusion (with a change in verb tense in the conclusion). For each speech, both the introduction and conclusion should be about a minute to a minute and a half long. If yours is longer or shorter in practice, work on adjusting it. You should non start your informati ve or persuasive speech with Hello, my name is.. instead, start right into the professional introduction as you have created it.Your introduction for both the informative and persuasive needs to have all told five elements 1. It should get the audiences attention and interest You could do this using any of the following techniques (you exponent use more than one but not all seven). a. State the Importance of Your Topic Explain to your audience how important your topic is to them or the seriousness of your topic. This top executive include statistics or reports concerning your topic. b. Startle the Audience You might choose something that startles them, such as popping a balloon to talk about air noise.But you should not scare or terrify them. c. Arouse the infrequency of the Audience You might start with a riddle of some sort to reveal the topic or talk about the topic in a way that leaves the topic a mystery at first. d. Question the Audience You might start by asking your aud ience rhetorical questions (questions you are not expecting them to answer verbal, but instead, in their own mind). e. Begin with a Quotation You might start with a quotation that somehow leads to the topic. f. Tell a StoryTell the audience a story (either actual or composite) that reveals the nature of your topic. g. tie in the Topic to Current Events You might explain how your topic is related to something that has recently happened in the news. 2. Relate the Topic to the Audience Tell your audience why they should listen to your speech why this particular topic should be of interest to your audience. If you elicitt relate your topic to your audience, therefore why are you having them listen to it? 3. Reveal the Topic Make sure your audience is induce exactly what topic you will be discussing.It may count obvious to you by the story you have told or the quotation you have shared, but it might not be to them. 4. Establish Credibility and Goodwill This buns be difficult for a n ew speaker or a speaker that is unknown to the audience and consequently doesnt have a reputation with the audience. unrivaled of the main ways to start off establishing credibility with an audience is through professional dress (referred to as initial credibility). This way at the start, your audience has a good impression of you.In regard to the spoken introduction, explaining to your audience any association you have to your topic will help with credibility (for the past four days Ive been involved with Civil War reenactments). If you decided on the topic simply because it was of interest to you, stating that is a good way to establish credibility (when I first started doing research for this speech, I didnt think much about the dollar bill, but through my research I was amazed how much history there is seat this piece of paper we all use every day).Establishing goodwill is establishing that you want to help your audience understand your topic you have concern for their learni ng. You might do this by addressing their concerns about the topic (I know many of you might be oppose to school vouchers but I hope you will keep an open mind about the issues I would like to discuss with you today or I know you might have struggled through a math class but I hope to show you how math can be a form of artwork). 5. Preview the dead body of the Speech For the most part your Central Idea Statement will fulfill this function.However, you may decide your topic needs even more of a drone than the CIS and want to add additional set up for your topic. Your conclusion for both the informative and persuasive needs to have all four elements 1. Review the Body of the Speech For the most part your Central Idea Statement will fulfill this function. However, you may decide your topic needs even more of a review than the CIS and want to add additional conclusion for the topic. 2. It Should Relate to the Introduction Have your speech come full circle by relating to something you d iscussed in the introduction.You can go back to any of the ways you got your audiences attention and interest. For example, you could finish a story you told in the introduction or go back to the questions you posed to your audience and answer them. 3. Call for Future Action in Regard to Your Topic While this seems more natural for a persuasive speech (please go out and vote), it can work for an informative also. You might ask them to learn more about your topic, or try the subject of your speech the conterminous time they get a chance. So the coterminous time you go to see a plastic film, consider all the work that goes into editing a movie or Today Ive told you some about The House on the Rock, if youd like to learn even more, please check out the following books. or The next time you find a spider, instead of running for the can of Raid, consider what an amazing architect you have in front of you). 4. Give the Speech a Feeling of Conclusion Your audience shouldnt be confused if your speech is concluding or not. You want to be sure to bring the speech to a clear and smooth ending.People are often so relieved to be finished with the speech (or they havent spent time writing the ending) that they ruin a great speech with a terrible ending. Remember this is the final impression your audience will have of you and your speech. You should not end the speech with thank you since that implies that the audience was somehow doing you a favor by listening to your speech instead of listening because it was a good speech. Also, you shouldnt end with statements like, thats it or thats all I have since that just causes away(predicate) the ending of the speech. Additionally, you shouldnt end with are there any questions? since there isnt a time set up for questions answers after your speech (so it is just another throw away ending). Another mistake to avoid is to start packing up or walking toward your seat during your conclusion. There is time for that after you sp eech. You should end your speech, in place, centered in front of your audience. You want to end your speech as strong as you started it. *** The End ****

Wednesday, May 22, 2019

Informational Interview Essay

Owner of Nutra-Planet, Sam Hong, is a respected, hardworking man that gave me advice that will be very useful in the future. Nutra-Planet is an online supplement store that has been growingly rapidly the late(prenominal) few years. I met with Mr. Hong for about twenty minutes, and discussed things such as the education conducted to work in his business, his job compass, required skills, and many other things.I chose Mr. Hong because I have been a node with his business for a few years, and his warehouse/office is in my home town. He was a very cultivated man, and he said that he always enjoys the chance to share his knowledge with people. I interviewed him at his main office and I dressed business casual. I really learned an abundance about owning your own business, and it gave me an idea of what I needed to do if I decided to own my own store.Education necessaryThe first question to Mr. Hong was the type of education needed, not just to work there, but to actually have an oppo rtunity to advance. He told me that he is interested in someone who knows both the business aspect and the supplement knowledge aspect of running the business. In order to pursue this path, I would be more flourishing finding a major supplement chain like his that has opportunities for advancement. My major now is marketing, and he said that will definitely help me in the future. I need to know the business aspects if I want to run day to day operations.Job SettingMy next question for Mr. Hong was the type of job setting that his business offered. He said that his main goal was to come upon his customers experience a pleasurable one, and that the environment was a major factor in making that successful. From the casual, friendly atmosphere to the layout of the online store and warehouse, all things need to come together to make the customer want to come back, and tell all their friends about it also. This requires a knowledgeable staff that is helpful to everyone, and a friendly p ersonality is as important to him as the experience an employer brings with him.Required SkillsWhen I asked Mr. Hong about the skills that were required to be hired in an upper-level position in this business, he told me there were two different avenues to advance through the business aspect or the customer relations aspects. He said that it is crucial for his employees to work well with other employees, and be able to take criticism and advice. Although I am majoring in business, I would still love to work hands on with customers. Aside from the obvious skills of knowing about supplements, Jay said the single most important skill he looks for is people skills. The personality to interact with others and assure them that you know what you are talking about when it comes to supplements.ConclusionThe interview with Mr. Hong went very well, and he was said that he was cheerful that he could answer my questions. He emphasized that it is very important to stay in school and make sure th at I graduate, because if I ever need any loans or anything it will help out tremendously if I have a good background and a degree. I will make sure that I interview more people in the future because I believe that it is a huge help to talk to someone flavour to face instead of reading stuff online.

Tuesday, May 21, 2019

Literacy: Mrs. Fleming Essay

There are few fundamental skills in life that are of greater importance than the ability to contract and consider the written word. It can take a person of any background as far as they can dream. This is truly evident in the essay, Superman and Me, by Sherman Alexie which tells of the authors struggle emergence up poor on a Native American reservation in Washington State. From a young age, his literacy became Alexies saving grace, thanks to his incur who stimulate him to begin reading. This inspiration changed the lead of his life.I, too, was inspired and encouraged at a young age to be a great reader by my Mother and a special teacher. I am glad to my Mother for starting me on my path to literacy. I grew up in a house full of have gots, music and loud women. My Mom was neer without a book in her hand, my middle sis sleep together to sing and write poetry and my oldest sister always had her eight tracks blaring. From the time that I was tiny, I wanted to be just like my Mother. She had bonny hair, perfect makeup, and lovely flowing dresses.Since I was too young for these things, I latched on to something else that my mother loved books. Alexie felt up much the same way about his Father. Alexie writes, My father loved books and since I loved my father with an aching devotion, I decided to love books as well (89). My Mother and I spent more hours roaming the library aisles for our next great read. She encouraged me to try new authors and different genres. I discovered Judy Blume and crimson attempted Charles Dickens and Louisa Mae Alcott.My Mom challenged me each summer to read as many books as I could and she was always ready for me to tell her all about them. Mama and I still recommend books to wizard another and tell each other all about the characters that we meet in between the pages of our current book. I was fortunate enough to have many fantastic teachers during my school years. One teacher In particular is my sixth grade teacher, Mrs. Elizabeth Fleming. I was a twelve year old girl that felt awkward and self-conscience and Mrs. Fleming always found a way to boost my self-confidence.She madeit a point to panegyric me every day on anything from how I read aloud in class or what I was wearing or my hair style. Mrs. Flemings interest in me built up my self-esteem by leaps and bounds. We also bonded over our mutual love of books. Mrs. Fleming would take the time to ask about a book I was reading and recommend others that she thought I might like. She found ways to let me deal that she loved that I was so excited about reading even if it was just a angelic smile that seemed like it was just for me. Mrs. Fleming made me feel special. As an adult, I have, on occasion, run in to Mrs.Fleming and even after all these years she still remembers me as her little bookworm. I am thankful to have had the support and encouragement throughout my life to keep me reading and learning. It continues today as I show my children how f un and entertaining it can be to read a good book I love to read with my girls and the sound of their voice reading on their own is like music to my ears. As I continue my education I hope that they can see through me that a love of reading can take you anywhere you want to go. So dream bigand go read a book

Monday, May 20, 2019

What Are the Benefits Outsourcing Web Development Services

today market being fully dependent of E-commerce technologies, all(prenominal) organization assumes to be regularly updated with in style(p) technologies & factors that emphasis on quality picture of their organization. Today E-commerce has become a basic medium to elaborate your business globally. But to ensure quality of your Web application you need to Outsource Web exploitation service.There is no doubt that any(prenominal)one can carry out the development on their own. But, if some factors standardized cost, time, R&D, quality, experience, search engine friendly code, etc are considered, Outsourcing is the highly recommended. Outsourcing companies ensures business quality service by using latest technology available and also you lead travel your Web application highly-developed on time with no or less bugs left, at reasonable cost.Following points will place you detailed understanding of How Outsourcing of Web Development service will be beneficial considering all of this factors? * stock(a) development Process Many Companies follows strict process model. Clients are assured of the standard processing and get their development work completed on-time and delivery without any complication.* Lessen your Development Cost To develop any quality product, we need skilled & experienced staff, also lots of cost need to be spend on R&D and setup of space for development. While if you outsource development service you need to pay very reasonable amount which in turn guarantees you trump out service with search engine friendly & light weight web application developed using latest technologies & tested in all terms.* Reliable and Accurate All these companies have experience & knowledge of development, so the delivered product will be reliable & accurate in terms of outputs which the client demanded.* Future sweetening As every company wants to maximize their business, these companies provide regular maintenance and notifications to update your product if required.There are some(prenominal) invisible benefits of Outsourcing on client side also. Clients can * Further concentrate on their routine without bothering close to their Web development process. So time is saved. * Save money by choosing Outsourcing which is nearly equal to half the cost required in own development process. so you can use them for future enhancement & maintenance. * Get chance to know new process models & their skilled knowledge. * Expect best recommendations & latest technologies that best suits your business requirements & success on the basis of their experienced skills and requirement analysis.

Sunday, May 19, 2019

My Favourite Character

This Essay is about my favourite character in To Kill a galling Bird. She is unmatched of the biggest, most important characters she is considered the main character. She is very important for she helps narrate this story. She helps with the story by describing her thoughts and feelings that is one of the main reasons why I like her. She also helps to develop the plot, al-Qaedas, and helps to emphasize some of the symbolism. Her name is Jean-Louis, but we all know her as Scout. Scout is a daughter, a sister and a friend.She is a large tomboy and she likes to prove it to every one. She prefers to hang out boys rather than girls, and so she does, she spends most of her time with her chum salmon Jem, and in the summers, her cousin Dill. In the beginning of the book Scout is only a young succession of 9, throughout the novel she gets older just like the rest of the characters, and also matures along with her older buddy Jem. Although Scout isnt going through the same stages as J em she matures just as much.Jems spell into a teenager, while Scout is getting older, and is discovering how the world works. The era of this book is set back to more or less the years 1861 to 1865 this was when the civil war was happening, along with the discrimination of African Americans. Racism is a huge theme in To Kill a Mocking Bird. Scout doesnt really under stand that racialism isnt good, but its not her fault, because she has lived with it and doesnt know any different.In that time blacks were known as lesser human beings. The whites were known to be greater than any other race Scout didnt know that this was wrong, so she went with it. During the trail, one of the biggest parts of this novel, Scout discovers a little bit about racism. The effort is about how an African American is being accused for the rape of a Caucasian woman, during the trial a lot of discrimination happens to the defendant, this is when Scout discovers racism.

Saturday, May 18, 2019

Equal Exchange: Trading Fairly and Making a Profit Essay

I, Executive Summary fade Ex intensify is a for-profit just- mickle executioner-owned, cooperative smart set. Founded in 1986, it is the oldest and largest Fair plenty java comp whatever in the United States. equalise Ex transmute began with $100,000 as started up funds and a 2,000-qu be-foot room in Bostons South End. It purchased coffee beans from sm all-scale farmers at above-market impairment in Latin America. Initially, EE relied on other roasters and packers to prepare the premium coffee beans.It shift to natural victuals grocers, gourmet shops, restaurants, and non-profit organizations. The societys founders wanted to help famers get a better, much stable price and, at the same clipping, take vantage of the growing consumer demand for higher-quality specialty coffee. However, after 25 old age in business, and 10 of which were spent as the further handsome trade company in the coffee industry, embody interchanges tremendous success seemed to have come to a s creeching halt. If the mend of price profits is excluded, for a second year in a row, its r even upues have grown only 2 percent.This is hardly acceptable comparing with the double-digit growth it had been through for the previous 15 geezerhood. Additionally, over the past some years, consumers have begun to show a strong desire to purchase crossroads from local businesses, thus increased contestation from local roasters. Moreover, there is a study push by companies to offer a wide frame of green, thorough, and wholesome food products. on that point are so umpteen new initiatives giveing and it may be possible that fair trade products will non stand out so much anymore. As a result, Equal flip is promising going to fail into the red z ane in conterminous few years, if nothing is changed. Since EE has become a famous brand, I highly recommend EEs staff to continue expand its potential in producing new products and starting to offer service, in order to solve listed pr oblems.More specifically, in business strategy, EE need to save up conjoining its handsome contrastingiation strategy. However, it needs to create more products in order to be able to compete with many a(prenominal) competitors. EE has been taking customers trust in its products, so that producing new ones would bring its customers into experiencing them no matter what. There were as yet various fairly traded goods that EE did not offer, and they might become preferred products. In embodied strategy, if EE choose to start offering service, this would be consistent with the companys mission such as ecotourism to coffee or cacao growing zones to support those communities.II, IntroductionIn 1983, Rink Dickinson, Jonathan Rosenthal, and Michael Rozyne were all recent college graduates and lasting for a food co-op warehouse in the Boston area. They began to question the organisation such as, What if food could be traded in a way that is honest and fair, a way that empowers twai n farmers and consumers? What if trade supported family farms use of organic methodsrather than methods that harm the environment? Almost simultaneously they started to instruct about groups in Europe who were doing Fair craft. The advocates of Fair portion out wanted to ensure that the kick upstairsrs of products such as coffee, teas and chocolate would get a better price for their crops while supporting improvement in their environmental, neighborly and political stipulates. Rink, Jonathan and Michael liked the idea. According to Rink, they were basically food co-op people, provokeed in connecting small, local farmers with consumers to change the market devote. It was not their intention to found a company at that time. They took the idea to the Board of Directors of the co-op warehouse. fractional of the board supported the idea and half voted against it. It became apparent to them that if they were going to pursue their vision, they were going to have to develop an organi zation. Over the next threesome years they met once a month to develop the plans and raise the great(p) for founding their own organization. During that time Rink state they used their argumentations to learn about cooperatives, small farmers, entrepreneurship, selling and making mistakes, right and left. The food co-op gave them a great environment to learn some skills. In 1986, Rink, Jonathan and Michael decided to launch Equal Exchange (EE). By that time, their ambition was to change the way food is grown, bought, and sold around the world. The founders decided to meet once a week and did so for three years to argue how best to change the way food is grown, bought, and sold around the world.At the end of this time they had a plan for a new organization called Equal Exchange that would be A complaisant change organization that would help farmers and their families gain more control over their economic futures. A group that would inform consumers about trade issues affecti ng farmers. A provider of high-quality foods that would nourish the body and the soul. A company that would be controlled by the people who did the actual work. A club of dedicated individuals who believed that honesty, treasure, and mutual benefit are constitutional to any worthwhile endeavor.Around 1991, Equal Exchange established itself as a Fair Trade specialty coffee company, offering loyal food co-op customers a store bin organization with a full line of beans, decaf coffee, different roasts, and flavored coffees. By the end of the year what had once been the organ pipe dream of reaching $1million in gross sales had become a reality. By 1994, Equal Exchange was a worker-owned cooperative with 20 memberswith departments, managers, and a growing number of outside investors.A icy early investment by the Adrian Dominican Sisters helped to alert others that this undertaking, however risky, might be worthy of outside financial support. Another exciting chapter in our history started in 1996, when Equal Exchange joined with Lutheran dry land Relief in a path-breaking collaboration to launch what has now become our Interfaith Program. This major initiative helped Equal Exchange create partnerships with communities of faith throughout the U.S. Over the next seven years more than 10,000 congregations across the U.S. began using our Fair Trade coffee.III, Assignment doubtfulness1. perplexity 1What are the strategically relevant components of Equal Exchanges macro-environment? Are socio-cultural, environmental, economic, and other components of the macro-environment favorable to the sellers of fair trade food and boozing products? Does the industry offer attractive opportunities for growth? a) Strategically relevant components of Equal Exchanges macro-environment Political factors There were no laws in the U.S restricting the use of the term Fair Trade on a product labels. This makes it is a little difficult for EE to prove themselves overwhelming their c ompetitors. economic conditions In 2010, Fair Trade USA reported that there were over 9,500 fair trade-certified consumer products being offered by 700 industry partners in more than 600,000 retail locations.Paul Rice, the president and CEO of fair Trade USA, said that in 2010 the fair trade retail sales market was $1.4 trillion in the U.S and $3 billion in Europe. Socio-cultural forces EE developed advertisements, implemented public education campaigns, partnered with religious organization, and created a school fund-raising program. EE as well offered a wide variety of fair trade product. Technological factors EE was effective in creating messages about the origins of products and where consumer dollars went.For example, it used logo and labels that suggested consumers could have a great cup of coffee or pothouse of chocolate while feeling good about them. It also created a website as a place for consumers to connect to the farmers who grew the products they bought. Legal and regulatory factors Fair Trade USA hascertain guidelines for participating business to follow, including EE. Fair trade certifiers agreed on eight basic principles, which are+ Long-term direct trading relationships+ locomote payment of fair prices and wages+ No child, forced or otherwise exploited labor+ employment non-discrimination, gender equity, and freedom of association+ Safe working conditions and reasonable work hours+ Investment in community development projects+ Environmental sustainability+ Traceability and transparencyb) Are these factors favorable to the sellers of fair trade food and beverage products? This depends on the product itself, though these factors do make products are increasingly imported over more than a decade from 1998 to 2010. Some products have great growth rate, such as tea (38%), sugar (60%), burnt umber (67%), and vanilla (97%). On the other hand, some products are not favorable to consumers, such as produce (2%), flower (0%), and wine (-63%).c) O pportunities for growthThe far trade movement caught on in 2000 when many companies began to follow the same path as EE more specifically, into the business of fair trade coffee. Basically, the industry still offer very attractive opportunities for growth due to its growth rate, but it is kinda difficult to reach those opportunities due to rivalry.2. Question 2Explain the competitive pressures facing the fair trade food and beverage products industry. What does a five-force analysis emit about the nature and strength of the competitive pressures facing Equal Exchange? Which of the five forces is the strongest? Which of the five forces is weakest?a) The competitive pressure facing the fair trade food and beverage product industry. Fair trade coffee was EEs primary product, accounting for 80 percent of sales in 2010. At that point, there were over 300 companies in the U.S that provided fair trade coffee. EE managers esteem the social mission of some of these companies and even con sidered those who were truly committed to far trade to be friends. However, they were also competitors.There were two groups of competitors to EE. One class consisted of larger companies that competed in the high-end, organic coffee market, but also got involved in fair trade coffee. The other one were small, local, and regional competitors operating in different areas off the U.S. There are a lot of name can be pointed out, such as Starbuck, Green Mountain Coffee, Deans Beans, and Thanksgiving Coffee. With this much rivalry, EE sure had a great pressure in the industry.b) Five-forces analysis menace of new entrants Since fair trade food and beverage products industry is a utile market that yield high returns, new firms would be attracted. But this is not a problem for EE to concern, because it knows those farmers and their struggles. Nevertheless, when it came to rivalry, EEs values provided a much different outlook than a typical business. Threat of substitute products Coffee is a special product with hardly substitute product, so this is not genuinely a threat for EE. Bargaining power of customers EE partnered with fair trade advocacy organizations, such as Global Exchange, to create a nationwide public education campaign. In 1996, EE partnered with Lutheran World Relief to create something that later became known as the Interfaith Program, and it raised relief funds for farmers in Nicaragua who were hit hard by Hurricane Mitch in 1998.These partnership helped EE generate revenues, create goodwill inside communities, and create awareness among consumers about fair trade products. Bargaining power of suppliers EEs foreshadow to provide consumers with reasonably priced, good quality food, all while fairly paying the farmer who produced the goods was quite unlike most other companies. Intensity of competitive rivalry As mentioned before, there are many strong competitors against EE, both as small and large ones. Addition, the fair trade industry is open, so competing is unavoidable. though EE do not mind too much having many competitors, those ones still create barrier for them to reach more customers. To be concluded, threat of substitute is the weakest force and intensity of competitive rivalry is the weakest force.3. Question 3What are the key elements of Equal Exchanges strategy? Which of the five generic strategies is the company pursuing? How has the cooperative integrated corporate social responsibility into its business strategy?a)Key elements of Equal Exchanges strategyEE wanted to change traditional purchasing habits and make consumers more aware of where products came from and who was responsible for making them. At the same time, it wanted to encourage consumers to buy more fair trade products. To do that, EE use advertising in packaging and labels, website, and public awareness. Also, it created interfaith program, employ fundraising program and outbid their competitors in terms of product variety.b) Generic strategyEE follows broad speciality strategy.EEs promise to pride consumers with reasonably priced, good quality food. Though it tried to keep their price lowest as possible, it still fairly paid farmers quite a lot even if coffee prices in the worlds commodities exchanges dropped below the fair trade minimum price. It also centre on keeping their quality on products in any condition.c) Cooperative integrated corporate social responsibilityEE worked with financial institutions to give farmers pre-harvest loans with affordable 8 to 9 percent short-term interest rates. Brokers typically offered loans at much higher rates of 25 percent. EE also guaranteed a prat of each pre-harvest loan. It thus shared the risks associated with misfortunes, such as hurricanes, that could destroy a cooperatives crops. EE bought the coffee beans once a year, as soon as they were harvested (even though this tied up its chapiter in inventory). In terms of employee, EE wanted to cultivate excellent working relatio nships with its employees. Its managers believed that a egalitarian work environment in which employees shared responsibility for decision making would lead to higher levels of job satisfaction, morale, and productivity.It made sure that the pay gap between the highest-paid manager and the lowest-paid employee was reasonable. Besides, EE sought to reconnect consumers with the farmers who grew their food. When consumers saw a brand-name product in the supermarket, EE wanted them to realize that there was often a person dig away for little pay behind it. By raising such awareness, the company hoped to direct consumers towards products for which farmer got paid higher prices so theycould better support their ways of life.4. Question 4What are Equal Exchanges competitively important resources and capabilities? Which of its resources have the greatest competitive power? Are any of its resources and capabilities able to pass all four VRIN tests for sustainable competitive advantage? Exp lain. a) EEs competitively important resources and capabilities Worker co-operative specimen EE believed strongly in creating better, healthier relationships with the Earth, with farmers, its workers, and with the consumer. Worker-owners enjoyed many rights and responsibilities and democratically controlled the workplace. At EE, a co-executive director, a roaster, a packer, and a customer service representative were equal, with one share and one vote per person. This makes every employee of EE want to contribute their best to the company.Marketing strategies EE wanted to change traditional purchasing habits and make consumers more aware of where products came from and who was responsible for making them. This leads to many well-crafting strategies, such as interfaith program and fundraising. Supplier Unlike other companies, EE wanted its suppliers, farmers specifically, to be paid more, not less. So, it sought out fair trade-registered co-operatives that enabled small-scale farmers to pool their resources, increase their power in the market-place and share the be of upgrading their operations. These farmers were trained in how to acquire information on market trends and in how to cultivate high-quality crops. b) Unique resources and capabilitiesThe only resource or capabilities that is able to pass all four VRIN test for sustainable competitive advantage is worker co-operative model. Value It is difficult to find good employees, but it is much harder to keep good employees to work for the company. That is the reason why building relationship between employees is very important, and critical. EEs worker co-operative model is showing its precious value for this part. Rare Treating everyone the same is really rare. Normally, the higher-ups receive much more respect than lower staffs do, but EE deals nothing like that. This hardly can be found in any other company, which makes it a unique component. Inimitable Human relevant is the only one that is inimitable. E Es worker co-operative model makes its workers feel comfortable, as everyone is equal.Therefore, employee loyalty is guaranteed and untouchable from external conditions. Non-substitutable EE build up its image with equal employees, and no other capability can replace this. EE likely is said to stick with its worker co-operative model at anytime, and the way around. It is hard to find another company which can apply this model better than EE. 5.Question 5What does a SWOT analysis reveal about Equal Exchanges ability to entrance market opportunities and nullify external threats? effectivenessExperienced in the marketHigh social awarenessTechnology up-to-dateUnique work modelGood financial performanceWeaknessLack of consumer awarenessUnsatisfactory working conditionFarmer exploitationOpportunitiesExpanding businessOffering new productsThreatsMany wealthy competitorsUnstable market table 1 SWOT analysis of Equal ExchangeEE can use its strength to seize opportunities and nullify threat s. More specifically, due to high social awareness and with technology up-to-date, EE can soft expanding its business into other activity, such as services. Otherwise, it can produce new products that have not been offered in fair trade market. On the other hand, with experience in the market, EE can find a way to compete with competitors in the fair trade market using its good financial performance. 6.Question 6What is your assessment of Equal Exchanges financial performance and condition? Is the company in good financial shape? Why or why not. Use financial ratios in display board 4.1 to help support your assessment. symbol 1 Equal exchange sales growthSince importing its initiatory coffee container in 1986, EE had become the leading fair trade brand of food and beverages in the U.S. This helped the co-operative achieve a trend of double-digit revenue growth. However, the recession that struck the U.S changed the outlook for business. The financial data for the financial year o f 2006 through 2010 demonstrated EEs growth and showed whether the co-operative was able to weather the economic downturn. Figure 1 demonstrates EEs growth of sales from fiscal year 2006 to fiscal year 2010. In 2006, success in many areas defined much of EEs 14 percent increase in revenues, which translated into an additional $2.86 million in annual sales.In particular, sales were exceptionally strong in the West Coast region. Another key contributor to sales was EEs chocolate products, which were a hit in 2006 because the quality chocolate market was seeing growing demand, or a metempsychosis, as EE called it, similar to what occurred with specialty coffee 20 years prior. While this was occurring, EE simultaneously expanded its chocolate line to products such as organic dark chocolate, organic mint chocolate, and organic chocolate syrup. This expansion allowed the company to ride the growing demand for quality chocolate. EE also introduced three new tea bagged products, which help ed increase tea sales 35 percent.Till 2010, it is a hard time as coffee and chocolate prices continued to rise. EE was faced with a difficult challenge of percentage farmers during this time, providing customers with stable prices, and maintaining a profit margin consistent with the co-operatives goals. Sales totaled $36,525,856. This growth of around 2 percent was relatively flat for the second year in a row. The growth see was due in part to the notable increase in EEs direct sales to food co-operatives. This is something the co-operative did to avoid the use of distributors.

Friday, May 17, 2019

Northstowe Good or Bad

In this study, I al let out for endeavour to discover if Northstowe is the answer to Cambridges fusss and if eitherthing has been learnt from development of earlier blocks, such as Bar Hill, Cambourne and Arbury. This means I am acquittance to review the circumstances that were thither when the settlements were construct and see if the move made by the planners at the succession was trump out for what happened in terms of the growth of the commonwealth and sight wanting to pull round and work in the Cambridgeshire ara, this has caused a escape of houses. This has meant grand value rises in houses devising them un cheap for first time buyers in the bea.As mint can non move into Cambridge directly because of the lack of housing, they dupe to move into the surrounding closures and t makes reservation them also full, this is producing a lot of employment moving in and out of Cambridge e genuinelyday which is a huge problem as the roadsteadtead cannot handle the amo unt of trade as Cambridge is a medieval townspeople and was meant for horse and carts. This has created a lot of problems such as congestion and pollution. I went to Cambridge, Arbury, Oakington, Cambourne and Bar Hill to equivalence the housing, layout of the settlement, the environment and the services and jobs available. I was experienceing for well-defined spaces, broad(a) sized houses and houses in uncorrupted crack and over wholly a nice environment to live in. I collected my data from what I find and my thoughts of the vi setd location.Chapter 1Just after the Second World War men were coming home and having washed-out years with the finish mangleicers who were previously thought to be way above their class discovered that they werent so different and so on that point was a huge demand for housing as men and their wives began to want houses of their own away for the family.Bar Hill began to be planned for in 1952 after the Development plan try to contain growth, including the industrial growth inside the city of Cambridge and to limit the population to 100,000. Growth was instead to be pushd in a ring of key villages around Cambridge. By 1964 these villages had grown so troubled that the villagers were concerned that the character of the villages would be lost, so other villages further away were encouraged to grow. Also the supposition of developing six sensitive villages was put forward. Bar Hill was the only site to be developed. It met the troika basic criteria, single ownership, marketable location, and well re sweet-fangledd to the existing development pattern.Bar Hill was intentional to pee 1,250 houses, shopping and social facilities and a light industrial estate. It used the Radburn design principle which is where vehicles and pedestrians argon segregated by having a perimeter road which has residential cul-de-sacs inside, linked by pedestrian routes take to the village centre. Bar Hill was divided into 12 parts residenti every last(predicate)y and it was up to private developers who would advert some of the cost of village bag and services. Developers needed to sell houses at a competitive price and soaring caused several developers to sell out, and slowed development. The village centre didnt jump built soon enough and so this discouraged people to buy houses more. The council had to eventually pay for a new fly over to encourage development, something that should have been paid for by the developers.A topical anesthetic plan was made that made the final population 5,000 and demanded higher quality housing as produced originally, before developers tried to cut costs. During the 70s houses mental synthesis was slow and once the remaining land was sold finish up in parcels, construction speed up, although many low quality houses had already been built.More warehousing and mop upice floorspace was put forward to decrease the commuting in and out of the village and create a more inwardly motiv ated lodge. The parish council promoted community facilities and in 1980 the village hall was finally built.A lot of progress was made when Tesco gained permission to build a superstore and gasoline station, although Tesco bought the land and controlled what shops were allowed to operate. Tesco continued to grow, developing its floorspace and purge of goods, it provides many jobs, although it trim down the number of smaller shops and services in Bar Hill. Industrially the land was taken up steadily, in 1985 there were 6 units vacant for a total of 56. Bar hill has attracted firms from abroad, other parts of the outlandish and local companies wishing to expand in the area.In 1994 South Cambridgeshire District Council granted outline planning permission for the settlement of Cambourne, 9 miles westbound of Cambridge and south of the A428 in the parishes of Bourn and Caxton. It is planned on 1000 acres of land to be an almost self contained community. When completed it entrust be 3, three hundred houses planned around three villages with traditional village greens, a local shopping centre, a 50 acre job park, shops, community facilities, such as a health centre, library and community centre, 2 primary schools, a public open space including a agricultural park and recreational facilities such as a golf course. In 1998 construction began on the infrastructure of the first housing areas as well as the site entrance and round approximatelys.The first residents began lifetime in Cambourne in august 1999, with 75 homes including low cost housing, occupied by the end of the year. More roads were built as more houses were built. Work began on the first phase of the business park, building two units. Landscaping started and the country park began. Construction began on the sewage system and balancing lakes.More houses and roads completed in Great Cambourne in 2000 and work started in on lower Cambourne, with 170 families living there by the end of June. Monk field park primary school completed along with the first childrens typify area. The first phone box, post box and notice board were provided. Footpaths built in the Eco Park and country park. Structural landscaping continued on the outskirts of the site and Great Cambourne village green, and the five balancing lakes were finished.Morrisons supermarket open in 2003. Planning permission for 1774 more houses was refused. By Easter 885 houses were occupied.90 houses were built in 1999 and 300 more are being built per year over a further 11 years. 900 of the dear 3,300 houses are to be rented. The homes are meant to be for all ranging from one to six bed roomed apartments and houses, retirement homes and cheap housing. The 50 acre business park, 5 acre industrial estate and village shops and services ordain provide at least 3,000 jobs so many villagers can live and work in Cambourne. Two primary schools willing eventually be provided at Cambourne. Secondary education will be provid ed at an expanded Comberton village college. Once the 1000th house has been occupied the community centre has to be built.It is fifteen years since the governing body recognised that developers receiving planning permission should be expected to make a contri stillion to the local community from the uplift in value which occurs when planning permission is granted. This policy was enshrined in section 106 of the Town and hoidenish planning act 1990 which introduced a system of planning obligations enforced by contract between the local authority and the developer. At the same time the provision for low-cost houses became a material consideration. This means that permission could be refused unless an appropriate contribution was agreed in areas where there was an identified need for additional affordable housing, which encompassed the vast majority of areas in England.Providing affordable housing in this way has the potential for meeting thence the governments main affordable housin g objectives.Ensuring land is made available for that housing and does not have to be bought by housing associations on the open market. Providing a financial contribution from developers to expand the supply of affordable housing that can be obtained given available government funding. Supporting the mixed communities agenda two by putting as much as possible of the supply on the same sites as market housing and mixing what is provided between social renting and intermediate tenures to ensure that a range of household groups are on the site.This relates to the Greenbelt because if anything is going to be built on the Greenbelt, it has to be dis ad dear to the government to be approved which if it is given shows a true cause and it will also be a good thing for the place where it is being built.Chapter 2In this section I have included annotated word-paintings of the sites that went to and graphs to show the results of the neighbourhood survey.I am going to discuss how well each s ite was designed to be a residential environment, whether it has a well designed environment and whether or not the facilities are adequate whether self-contained or not and whether there are any problems for example set or craft and whether it helps to solve Cambridges problems.Accordia, Brooklands drivewayCatherine Square, ArburyOakingtonBar HillCambourneBrooklands Avenue, as you can see in photo 1 the site was unused, the dealing was light and the houses were in good condition but the houses were not very spacious, there was a lack of privacy as well as a lack of open space and a lack of parking. As the graph 1, 2 and 3 show Brooklands Avenue although the housing isnt spacious show that the environment around is nice and its in Cambridge and so there is not faraway to go to arrest into the centre.This suggests that it could have been planned fall in as the houses are not very private and are quite small, this maybe because the flats where built on a brownfield site so the planners did the outflank they could also there is a lack of parking which is a problem because people will have 2 park on the street away, creating the traffic problem worse. From my analysis you can see that the late high density the likes of Accordia near the centre of Cambridge are bad because they create more traffic problems and there isnt enough room to house the cars. This supports the suggestion that settlement growth should be in new settlements like Northstowe because it takes the parked cars off of the roads in Cambridge making the traffic move more swiftly.Arbury, as you can see in photo 2 the site is clean, the traffic was light, the houses were in a good condition, there was open space, it was more private than in Brooklands Avenue and the houses were more spacious and there was off street parking. As graph 1, 2 and 3 suggest the environment is well planned because there is open space, it is clean, and the housing is spacious and private. From my analysis you can see that recent low density developments like Catherine Square on the outskirts of Cambridge are good because it takes people out of Cambridge but bad because they have to win over into Cambridge to work. This both supports and doesnt support the suggestion that settlement growth should be in new settlements like Northstowe because although it would be getting people out of the centre of Cambridge they would want to commute back into Cambridge to work so the traffic problems would worsen.Oakington, as you can see in photo 3 the site is clean, the traffic was light, there is off street parking, there was a chassis of housing looks and the landscape was nice. As graph 1, 2 and 3 suggest the environment was well planned, the houses were in good condition, the houses appeared spacious, there appeared to be amenities and the privacy was good, hostile Brooklands Avenue. This suggests the environment is well planned because the houses were in good condition, there was no vandalism, the houses had privacy, the area was clean and the place was well landscaped.From my analysis you can see that old low density developments like Oakington outside of Cambridge are good because the housing is much better and the area is generally nicer, this supports the suggestion that settlement growth should be in new settlements like Northstowe because it is out of the city so better housing can be built and the landscaping will be better, however the commuting traffic will still be a problem inside the centre of Cambridge.Bar Hill, as you can see in photo 4 the housing is small, and the fashion is unvaried and there is a lack of landscape, but the environment is clean and the houses are in good condition, but as graph 1, 2 and 3 suggest the unforesightful housing outweighs the good environment and the closeness to services and jobs. This suggests the environment was well planned but because it was built in the 50s the planners didnt think ahead and so the houses are too small and all the same style because they were built to budget. From my analysis you can see that the recent development of Bar Hill outside Cambridge is good because it is possible to never leave Bar Hill because you can work, shop and eat there but people commute to other places to work because the work there is all the same, this is a problem because of the traffic going into Cambridge causing pollution and congestion.Cambourne, as you can see in photo 5 has open spaces, spacious houses, the houses have amenities, the houses are styled differently, there private and there all in good condition. As graph 1, 2 and 3 show this was probably the best place we visited as I had the highest average out score, also the area was clean, it was quiet, well landscaped and the traffic was light. This suggests the environment is well planned because of the good roads, the off street parking, the open space and the pavement for pedestrians. From my analysis you can see that the recent development of Cam bourne outside Cambridge is good because it has made a place to live that u can live and work in without having to go elsewhere.This supports the suggestion that settlement growth should be in new settlements like Northstowe because it appreciations the villages which the greenbelt was founded to protect. change people from villages who work in Cambridge have been severely affected by these developments because everyone is now trying to get into Cambridge the traffic is piling up and because Cambridge was not built to hold the vast amount of traffic that there is there are daily jams when people are trying to get in and out during blush times.Chapter 3My analysis of the 2 Cambridge sits and the 3 out of Cambridge sites reveal that although the housing is better quality and the places are of better standard outside they are producing huge amounts of traffic going into Cambridge where there is nowhere for them all to go, whereas the Cambridge sites make Cambridge easy to walk to ma king the traffic problems less but at a reduced niceness of house.Advantages of Cambridge siteDisadvantages of Cambridge site* Easy to get into town* tush do things in town without having to worry about getting transport back* Doesnt increase traffic problem* non far from the centre of Cambridge* Not far from a train station* Not far from work* Not very much space* Can be loud* Can be impossible to get out of Cambridge because of the traffic* If there are road works you can still be late because of the traffic jams from the other cars* Houses small and expensiveAdvantages of non Cambridge siteDisadvantages of non Cambridge site* Open spaces for parks and play areas* spick-and-span environment* The area is well landscaped* Quiet environment* The traffic is light* There is off street parking* Pedestrians are well served for as well as cyclists* Good roads for motorists* Can be far away from Cambridge* Commuting causes huge traffic problems by large amounts of people all needing to get in at the same time* There might not be any public transport routes in where the new village is.The alternatives being suggested are new villages/towns, new business parks next to old settlements, re-use land inside Cambridge or to use land on the advance of Cambridges greenbelt like Milton or Kings Hedges. These are not likely to happen in the near coming(prenominal) because Northstowe is currently being planned, also the new town idea is Northstowe, and it will be a new town when built. The best choice would be to use brownfield sites in Cambridge itself or to revitalise places by building business parks next to old settlements providing more work out of Cambridge.Chapter 46,000 new homes to be built at Northstowe by 2016, with an expansion to approximately 8,000 new homes by 2021 and beyond, there is going 2 be another boom in traffic in the centre of Cambridge and it wont be able to do so the pollution level will increase and so will the vandalism and crime in Cambridge. The way to reduce impact on the city of Cambridge when Northstowe is built is by making Cambridge easily affectionate by bus, guided bus or train, this would reduce the traffic in the centre of Cambridge. To make this settlement work, in my findings, there should be open spaces, spacious good quality housing, a variety of style of housing, the houses should have amenities and they should have privacy.Also the area should be quiet, well landscaped and should be suit for cyclists, pedestrians and motorists. There should be near schools, leisure facilities, shopping facilities, and a business park and also it should be well served by public transport.Doing this would reduce Cambridges problems by making jobs outside of the centre of Cambridge, reducing the commuting, similarly with the good public transport. The schools would mean that people wouldnt have to do a school run into Cambridge making the traffic even less. Having open spaces makes people stay in a village because they c an go and relax there and also it means there can be clubs held which get the village together. vacuous facilities such as a swimming pool, cinema or a gym would give the people an alternative nearby instead of having 2 go into Cambridge for these. Also a village hall would be good for hosting parties or clubs such as a youth club that would keep youths out of Cambridge and keep them off the streets.ConclusionI agree that lessons have been learnt from Bar Hill and Cambourne but I incertitude that these lessons will be used to full effect, because although Bar Hills circular outer road has been abolished from Cambourne and from what they expect Northstowe to look like (see diagram 1) it was quite a clever idea. Also from Bar Hill we have learnt that just because there are jobs that are in the village/town you are in, it doesnt mean that the people will work there, they are more likely to commute to either Cambridge or London from a nearby train station.The lessons learned from both of these new developments are saying the same thing that Cambridge cannot cope with the traffic that is pouring in from all the new settlements and from all the older ones. Also they have learnt that schools must be built nearby or in the town to help cope with the children because they cannot fit into the existing schools and the commuting to school would also put huge amounts of traffic on the road and this is what we are trying to stop. I dont believe that Northstowe is the answer to Cambridges problems but other than flattening it and starting again from scratch, which is not do-able I believe it is the best way forward.Another thing that should be built is a church of some kind because people commuting into Cambridge or nearby villages to go to church could also be seen as a problem to some people especially is a town like Northstowe had to move into the surrounding villages it would spell hazard for these quiet country villages.EvaluationIf I did this project again I would i mprove it by going at a better time of day where there are more people about to complete the survey, and by visiting there more than once, to go back on a variety of occasions to see what exactly happens there. I think Id need more time to get better feel for the survey and I could use more information on Northstowe to truly discover what they will be building.

Thursday, May 16, 2019

International Terrorism and Global Politics Essay

In the 21st century, it would face that the term terrorist has become an all encompassing description of anyone whom civilized people feel is a panic to innocent civilians, domestic tranquility, and the everyday life that most people take for granted. Government officials declare contend on act of terrorism and the like. Expanding upon, and deviating from the typical definition of a terrorist, Charles W.Kegleys 2002 edition, The New Global Terrorism Characteristics, Causes, Controls, contains a chapter entitled Is There a Good Terrorist? , which asserts that one nations terrorist may fairly be considered another nations patriot. This paper will maintain the argument that no terrorist is a wide terrorist, in contrast to the presentation of Kegley in his volume. Defining TerrorismTo begin, a valid argument bathroom be made against so-called good terrorists by establishing a base tone definition of terrorism. In near of his other writings, Kegley has maintained that one of the pr oblems in condemning terrorists is that the act of terrorism itself is so hard to gear up in other words, as was mentioned previously, a terrorist may not be considered a terrorist by everyone, because ultimately, somewhat group of people or nation is supposedly benefitting from the terror inflicted on another group.However, by hunky-dory tuning the definition of a terrorist, it will be possible to reinforce and build upon the argument of this paper- that thither is no such thing as a good terrorist. In order to make that financial statement solid and tenable, one must realize that the term terrorism should in fact refer to acts of violence, contend or sabotage inflicted upon innocent civilian populations by a person or persons not machine-accessible with an organized army and outside of the scope of state warfare.Within this context, we are not talking round the soldier who serves his country by defeating enemies in combat, but we are talking about extremists who detonate motorcar bombs near schools and hospitals. In using this definition, it is possible to further bolster the argument. Terrorism is about Targets as rise up as Intentions A second assertion that can be made in critique of Kegleys presentation comes from a discussion of the issue of the targets of terrorism as well as the intentions of terrorists, as sooner defined.For example, a terrorist, for all of his claims that he is trying to free other people from the oppression of another group, miscellanea a bad situation, avenge previous wrongs and the like, is violating international law as well as the fundamental moral codes when the terrorist inflicts casualties among defenseless civilians, such as when terrorists launch attacks on religious centers, public places or as yet private residential areas, there is a tremendous wrong being done, no outlet what dreadful cause the terrorist claims to support or advance.Simply put, the means do not justify the end. A delicately Line betwee n Patriotism and Vigilantism A key point continues to echo throughout this research- the fine course of action between defeating enemies and violating the written and unwritten laws of humanity. Indeed, one could make the argument, for example, that the founders of the United States in some ways inflicted terrorism according to our previously stated definition, for many of them were un-uniformed, taking up arms against an organized, sovereign government, no matter how noble the cause was for which they were fighting.However, when looking at terrorists in regard to being those who step over the line of legality and morality for the sake of their causes, again the message returns that there must be at least(prenominal) some level of decency in the world, even among those who adamantly oppose one another, for if opposing groups are acknowledgeed to continually launch terror attacks upon each other, all of humanity will soon degrade to chaos and anarchy, dowery no ones interests.Ind eed, it is morally, ethically and legally wrong for people to take the law into their experience hands therefore, all potential or actual terrorist acts must be dealt with in the harshest possible terms. decisiveness In this paper, the argument has been made and supported that there is no such thing as a good terrorist, no matter what the intentions, motivations or goals of the terrorist, keeping in mind that there are current criteria which define what makes a terrorist.Therefore, it must be remembered that patriots are not those who blow up women and children, poison reservoirs or destroy public gathering places, nor are those who wear the uniform of their country and fight in declared wars terrorists. Once that differentiation is made and adhered to, all of humanity will be all the better for it. Conversely, if we allow these grey areas to exist where a potential terrorist thinks they will receive rewards, either in this world or the one to come, the death toll of innocents wil l continue to swell. Hopefully, this key distinction will be complete by the people of the world before it is too late.